As the planet seems increasingly depleted, researchers around the world are using technologies to bring artificial intelligence and the environment closer together. The goal of the partnership is to care for wilderness and promote economic growth that does not compromise the natural resources of the future.
Artificial intelligence mimics the way humans learn. He does this by using different algorithms previously designed to operate machines with the same abilities as humans to learn on their own. There are 4 different types of AI:
- Reactive machines: pure AI systems with no ability to form memories or use past experience in current decision-making.
- Systems with limited memory: they are able to remember past movements.
- Machines designed on the basis of theory of mind: they involve understanding and are able to think and even emotion from a behavioral pattern.
- self-aware systems: they can know the internal states and understand the emotions of others.
Applications linking Artificial Intelligence and the environment
One of the applications that has gained great importance is its use in fire fighting. These natural disasters devour large areas every year, and all the biodiversity found there. Early fire detection calculates the probability of a fire occurring, effectively reducing reaction time. Companies like IBM have already designed such tools that work with a set of HD cameras and computers to monitor the space to be protected. In addition, they can calculate the speed and direction of flames, providing valuable and detailed information to firefighters and civil protection forces.
Another crucial area where Artificial Intelligence and the combined environment is that of ocean conservation through research in the changes affecting the oceans due to climate change.
In this regard, a group of researchers from the French institute Mines-Télécom (IMT) is analyzing the influence of climate change on the oceans. This research is carried out thanks to advances in artificial intelligence. The French team evolves 3D models to analyze in detail the behavior of the oceansthis information was collected by remote sensing satellites.
AI can also be a great ally in the detection of microplastics in the ocean. Cleaning and protecting the oceans from the plastic that surrounds the planet is undoubtedly one of the objectives pursued by many researchers.
Crop prediction and maintenance
Crops are not exempt from the multiple adverse effects of climate change. Floods, droughts, low and high temperatures… the extreme climatic conditions of recent years continue unabated, with direct repercussions on harvests. However, artificial intelligence is making great strides globally in the conservation, care and forecasting of crop harvesting.
First, thanks to AI, a group of scientists managed to obtain first hypotheses focused on the prediction of fruit tree harvests. To do this, they analyzed the green leaves and fruits through hyperspectral images and Deep Learning algorithms, and designed a detailed report of the estimated number of fruits and the date of the harvest passes.
Another research highlight is the development of flood-resistant rice. AI allows analysis of the crop genome, allowing farmers to discover any unknown properties of the planting. This project is supported by the European Union, as the aim is to create breakthroughs that will allow the development of a large number of rice varieties resistant to drought, floods and pests.
Other AI applications to improve the health of the planet
Another avenue of research for the protection of the environment with AI consists in eliminate food waste using this technology. According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), a third of of the world food is wasted or wasted every year. If this did not happen, the world’s undernourished population would have enough food to feed themselves, so reducing this problem through artificial intelligence would be of great environmental, economic and social benefit.
With the help of Valve solutionsan intelligent machine developed with AI by Vision of winnowingthe hospitality industry can identify and value them large amount of waste generated every day. With the automation of data and imagesWinnow Vision reduces barriers to concise food waste tracking.
Although there is still much to explore, artificial intelligence and the environment are a union that has much to offer.