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Monkeypox | doh

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Monkeypox (MPX) is a rare but potentially serious viral disease that can be passed from person to person through direct contact with bodily fluids or monkeypox lesions.

You can now pre-register for your monkeypox vaccination appointment.

Pre-registration for a vaccination appointment

Click here to pre-register for the vacuum |点击此处预先注册疫苗 | Click here to pre-register for the vaccine | እዚህ ይጫኑ | Bấm vào đây để đăng ký trước vắc-xin | 백신에 사전 등록하려면 여기를 클릭하십시오

Check DC Health’s social platforms or sign up below for updates on additional appointment availability.

Information on the 2022 outbreak

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed the first case of monkeypox in the United States on May 18, 2022. In May 2022, Massachusetts confirmed a case of monkeypox in a patient who had recently traveled to Canada; Texas and Maryland each reported one case in 2021 in people who had recently traveled to Nigeria. Since early May 2022, the UK has had nine cases of monkeypox; the first case had recently traveled to Nigeria. None of the other cases reported recent travel.

On May 26, 2022, DC Health released a health advisory for health care providers in the District of Columbia with clinical recommendations and reporting requirements for any suspected cases.

On June 4, 2022, the DC Public Health Lab confirmed the first positive case of orthopoxvirus in a District resident who reported recent travel to Europe.

On June 27, 2022, DC Health announced eligibility criteria for monkeypox vaccinations in the district.

Beginning Friday, August 5, walk-in vaccinations will be available from noon to 8 p.m. on Fridays, or while supplies last, at DC Health Monkeypox Immunization Clinics located at:

  • 3640 Martin Luther King Jr. Ave SE – Ward 8
  • 7530 Georgia Ave NW – Ward 4
  • 1900 I St NW – Ward 2

Walk-in vaccinations will be provided on a first-come, first-served basis to eligible residents who have not yet received a first dose of the monkeypox vaccine.

District of Columbia 2022 outbreak data

Number of cases

About Monkeypox

Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a smallpox-like disease occurred in research colonies of monkeys. The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo during a concentrated effort to eliminate smallpox. Since then, monkeypox has been reported in people in several other countries in Central and West Africa.

Cases of monkeypox in people have occurred outside of Africa linked to international travel or imported animals, including cases in the United States.


In humans, monkeypox symptoms can be similar to but milder than smallpox symptoms.

Symptoms can start with:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Back ache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

Within 1-3 days (sometimes longer) after the onset of fever, the patient develops a rash, often starting on the face and then spreading to other parts of the body. The rash can progress from a flat, red shape, to a bump, to being fluid-filled, to being filled with pus, and then to being a scab.

Symptoms usually appear between 7 and 14 days after exposure, but can vary between 5 and 21 days. The disease usually lasts between 2 and 4 weeks.


The Monkeypox virus can be spread when a person comes into contact with the virus from an infected animal, an infected person, or materials contaminated with the virus. Monkeypox virus can be transmitted from animals to humans through the bite or scratch of an infected animal, handling wild game, or using products made from infected animals. The virus can also spread through direct contact with bodily fluids or wounds on an infected person or with materials that have touched bodily fluids or wounds, such as clothing or linens.

Monkeypox spreads between people primarily through direct contact with infectious wounds, scabs, or bodily fluids. It can also be spread through respiratory secretions during prolonged face-to-face contact. Monkeypox can be spread through intimate contact between people, including during sex, as well as through activities such as kissing, cuddling, or touching parts of the body with monkeypox sores.


A number of steps should be taken to prevent monkeypox virus infection:

  • Avoid coming into contact with people recently diagnosed with the virus or those who may have been infected.
  • Wear a face mask if you are in close contact with someone who has symptoms.
  • Practice good hand hygiene, especially after coming into contact with people who are infected or suspected of being infected. For example, wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Use personal protective equipment when caring for patients with confirmed or suspected monkeypox infection.


There is no specific treatment for monkeypox virus infections. However, monkeypox and smallpox viruses are genetically similar, which means that antiviral drugs and vaccines developed to protect against smallpox can be used to prevent and treat monkeypox virus infections.

JYNNEOSMT (also known as Imvamune or Imvanex) is a live attenuated virus vaccine that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of monkeypox.

If you have symptoms of monkeypox, tell your healthcare provider, even if you don’t think you’ve been in contact with someone with monkeypox.

Eligibility criteria

You are eligible if you are:

A resident of the District of Columbia age 18 or older


  • Gays, bisexuals and other men 18 years and older who have sex with men and had multiple or anonymous sexual partners in the last 14 days); WHERE
  • Transgender women and non-binary people designated male at birth who have sex with men; WHERE
  • Sex workers (of any gender); WHERE
  • Staff (of any sex) in establishments where sexual activities take place (e.g. public baths, saunas, sex clubs).

Proof of residency required prior to vaccination. Understand :

  • ID card with DC address
  • utility bill or other mail with your name and a DC address
  • a current DC lease or mortgage with your name on it

Additional documents:


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